Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Transcripts of the 1st Border Regiment War Diary and associated discussions.

Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Sun Feb 10, 2013 10:02 am

TRANSCRIPT OF ORIGINAL WAR DIARY

The aim of this transcribing project is to include as much of the original character of the War Diary as possible. This might include incorrect spelling and infrequent punctuation, however, in some cases additional punctuation has been added to make reading easier. Comments are contained within square brackets and will represent the following:

[illegible]..........if a word cannot be read;
[? - followed by some text]............if the word is unclear but can be read and having one or more possibilities;
[adding a general comment].............relating to the nearby text.


This war diary transcript is Crown Copyright expired.
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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Re: Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Sun Feb 10, 2013 11:16 am

1st BATTALION BORDER REGIMENT, 18th JANUARY - 30th MARCH 1915

Rugby - 18th January
Mobilization of 29th Division ordered.

Rugby - 12th March
Battn paraded (26 officers 810 other ranks) & took part in the Review of the 29th Division by H.M. The King Emperor.

Avonmouth - 17th March
Embarked on S.S. ANDANIA 26 officers (including one M.O. attached) & 887 other ranks. Embarked on S.S. Duke of EDINBURGH one officer & 115 other ranks.
5.30pm: S.S. ANDANIA sailed.

Malta - 24th March
8.00am: Arived in harbour.

Malta - 26th March
8.00am: Left harbour.

Alexandria - 28th March
6.00pm: Anchored inside harbour.

Alexandria - 30th March
10.30am: Disembarked from S.S. ANDANIA & proceeded to Divisional Camp at MEX about four miles W of ALEXANDRIA.


[This is the only information available in the war diary for these months]

Source: WO/95/4311
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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Re: Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Sun Feb 10, 2013 11:41 am

Please note: This month's diary was written in five different parts and does not follow on with the dates in the normal fashion as seen in previous or post months. As a result, rather than changing the order to fit the dates coherently, the five parts have been transcribed in the same way it was initially filed to maintain its originality.

Before reading on, please take a look at these notes to help understand how the war diary sections have been arranged.
1. Copy A contains parts 1, 2 and 3 and was written by the same hand;
2. Copy B contains part 5 and was written by a different hand;
3. Part 4, which belongs to both Copy A and Copy B is the continuation of part 1 but takes place before part 2;
4. Copy A has notes added to it in smaller writing. This additional information was definitely taken from Copy B and specifically written into Copy A; where this is the case text has been included in { these brackets } at this size in bold type;
5. The first half and second half of part 4 were written by different hands yet the information is continuous;
6. After the 25th April, both Copy A and Copy B tell the SAME information but with slight variations (as mentioned above) with some facts and figures disagreeing with each other. It is difficult to say which events are true;
7. It appears the war diary was rewritten, but for what reason it is unknown.


PART ONE - COPY A

1ST BATTALION BORDER REGIMENT, 31ST MARCH - 7TH APRIL 1915

MEX CAMP - 31st March to 7th April
Battn remained under canvas at MEX. During this period the transport of the Regt was entirely re-organized. Troops practised field work daily including Brigade and Battalion schemas.
A practice landing was carried out in AGAMI BAY. The 29th DIVISION was inspected by GENERAL SIR IAN HAMILTON commanding MED EXPEDITIONARY FORCE.

[There is no other information in this part of the diary. It now jumps to the 26th April, the day after the Battalion first landed at Gallipoli. The landing is seen in part 4.]


PART TWO - COPY A

1ST BATTALION BORDER REGMINET, 26TH - 28TH APRIL 1915

GALLIPOLI - 26th April
During the day no important fighting took place as far as the Battn. was concerned but much annoyance was experienced from snipers skilfully concealed in trees in the valley running up into our position from the E.
From a small hut at the bottom of this valley a desultory fire was kept up all day & caused a considerable number of casualties among ration parties, messengers etc.
During the night no serious attack was made on the line occupied by the Battn though small parties of snipers attempted to draw fire by shooting at the trenches from 300 to 400 yards range but in this they were unsuccessful strict order having been issued that fire would only be opened by order from an officer.
2nd Lt W.G. BARTHOLOMEW D Coy who died of wounds received in the advance of the morning of the 25th was buried during the afternoon.

GALLIPOLI - 27th April
The Battn. continued to hold the same line & the day passed much as the previous one had done, no fighting but continual sniping.
Soon after midday it was seen that our infantry was on the point of capturing Hill 138 & shortly afterwards this was accomplished & a Field Battery opened on the enemy as they retired by the E. Krithia nullah in the direction of Achi Baba.
All sniping at once ceased & all pressure on the line by the enemy relaxed.
Parties were sent out to reconnoitre the places from which most of the sniping had come & it was found on investigation that the enemy had suffered severely, from 20 to 30 dead being counted in the valley previously referred to & in the SNIPERS HUT N of it.

5.00pm:
Verbal orders were received from the Brigade to pivot round the portion of the line that bent S from A Coy right & establish one running almost due E from A Coy right through the SNIPERS HUT where the 1/R Innis Fus would continue it up to the KRITHIA main road the 88th Bde & the French prolonging the line from the road to ESKI HISSARLIK on the W coast.
This order necessitated the digging of fresh trenches by C & D Coys & the men being thoroughly tired out with hard work & hard fighting the process was naturally slow but was however safely accomplished by midnight.
The enemy were quiescent during the night.

GALLIPOLI - 28th April
2.00am:
The following orders were received from Bde HQ: -
The Bde will advance at 8am. The objective of the Bde is a line running from sq 176F through pt[point] 472 (exclusive) to 184 R8. Operation order 201 by Lt. Col. R.O.C. HUME based on the above was [?] to coys at 7.45am.

8.00am:
The advance started A & B Coys firing line & supports C & D Coys & MGS in reserve. Previous to advance starting a fairly accurate shell fire opened on our trenches & immediately on troops quitting their trenches this increased in intensity.
The formation adopted was lines of platoons in file at 100x[denotes yards] interval & 300x distance between firing line & supports & supports & reserve.
The nullah 500x N of our trenches was crossed without opposition from the enemy's infantry & the forward movement up spur running N.N.E. from 175 Y continued. Meanwhile the R Innis Fus who were advancing up the spur on the S.E. side of the nullah had come under heavy rifle & MG fire & it was evident that if we were to assist their advance we must get forward at least another mile.

11.00am:
The advance was accordingly continued & by 11am two platoons of B Coy and two platoons of A established themselves in the old KOSB trenches in sq 176 L. Here they came under a galling fire from the bluff to the N & from forward slope of ridge NW of KRITHIA.
Owing to the conformation of the ground it was impossible to reply to this fire.
Accordingly the two platoons of B Coy worked round the edge of the cliff & advanced some 300x & formed a firing line across the ridge overlooking the opposite valley.
The two platoons of A Coy conformed to this movement moving by the edge of the nullah.

11.30am:
About this time lines of the enemy were observed returning over the ridge N.W. of KRITHIA & all available rifles were brought to bear on them at 1000x.
Almost simultaneously a terrific rifle & MG fire was opened on our firing line by the enemy from well concealed trenches & emplacements of the N side of the valley which crossed our front at a range of about 600x.
Casualties occurred at once & soon became extremely high.
Urgent messages were sent back from the firing line for reinforcements but meanwhile the supports of A & B Coy & the two reserve Coys had been held up by heavy shell fire & also by MG & rifle fire from the high ground above KRITHIA.
After considerable delay supports began to arrive but these suffered heavily in getting into the firing line as both the edge of the cliff & the side of the nullah were taken in enfilade from the enemy's position.

1.00pm:
The bulk of the Reserve had now worked up a small nullah some 200x S of the first line of KOSB trenches & the sides of the cliff & nullah being now impracticable as a line of advance owing to the intensity of the fire, these were collected just below the crest line & led forward in one rush into the firing line.
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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Re: Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Sun Feb 10, 2013 11:55 am

PART THREE - COPY A

1ST BATTALION BORDER REGIMENT, 28TH - 30TH APRIL 1915

GALLIPOLI - 28th April (cont.)
The call was splendidly responded to & although the men were much exhausted from climbing the precipitous nullah with heavy parcels on, they went forward with tremendous dash.

1.20pm:
The enemy who were obviously in vastly superior numbers now started to advance to closer range under a very heavy & accurate covering fire. About this time casualties among officers began to occur & MAJOR G.C. BROOKE, CAPT. R. HEAD, CAPT. S.H.F. MURIEL & LT R.B. TAYLOR were all shot within a few hundred yards of one another & LTS DINWIDDIE, CLAGUE & MAY wounded.

2.00pm - 4.00pm:
CAPTS. MORTON & MOORE had up to this time by their splendid example of coolness and courage kept the firing line steady but suddenly the order to “Retire” was shouted from the right flank & a somewhat precipitate retirement set in.
Most of the wounded men who could move got away down the side of the cliff onto the beach. {Copy B says "most of the wounded men & some of the unwounded made a dash over the cliff side for the beach"}.
It was with great difficulty & chiefly owing to the gallant exertions of COL R.O.C. HUME, CAPT. G.A. MORTON & other officers that the firing line was again rallied {"on the top of the cliff" Copy B} & a fresh defensive line some 200x S of the KOSB old trenches taken up.

3.00pm:
Much needed support in the shape of a Bttn of RND [Royal Naval Division] arrived about this time & helped materially to restore the situation & a bit later a Coy of the S.W.B. from the E side of the nullah came up as a reinforcement. COL R.O.C. HUME whilst conferring with the O.C. R.N.D. & other officers as to the situation was unfortunately badly hit & had to be carried out of action leaving CAPT. G.A. MORTON in command. {Col. Hume died May 1st, Copy B}

{Copy B adds: An officer who had been sent to Bde. Headquarters brought back instructions to the wing to retire some 300 yards to straighten up the line held by the Brigade. Capt. MORTON judged it inadvisable to retire just then but retired after dark to a line selected by a representative of the Brigade.}

4.00pm - 12.00am:
The violence of the enemy's attack now relaxed considerably & CAPT. MORTON was able to select & entrench a defensive line extending from from the cliff edge to the nullah, one Coy RND holding the front line & the Battn two successive lines in close support & one Coy 1/R Innis Fus sent across from E side of nullah in Reserve.
Our casualties were 4 officers & 37 men killed & 5 off. & 152 R&F wounded & 10 R&F missing.

GALLIPOLI - 29th April
12.00am - 6.00am: Nothing occurred during the night, the enemy remaining quiet as a result of the severe handling they had received during their advance the previous day.
The defences were reorganized, the RND being push forward into the old KOSB trenches to form a covering party & deal with snipers. A & B Coys 1/Border Regt took over the front fire trench with 3 MGS the RND & one maxin on the right flank {B adds "to cover the nullah & fire obliquely across the trenches occupied by the R.I.F. on our R."} took over the support trench & C & D Coys in reserve the Coy of the RIF having been withdrawn at 1.30am.

8.00am:
Brigadier General W.R. Marshall came & inspected the line.

8.30am:
A burial party which had been out in advance burying the dead from the previous days action was driven in behind the covering party but the attack was not persisted in. During the morning the line was subjected to occasional shelling but no damage was done.

2.30pm:
The RND was withdrawn into reserve at W Beach & the Battn held the position alone. Beyond occasional bursts of shell fire nothing occurred till nightfall when the observation parties were withdrawn.

6.00pm:
2nd Lt C.S. CAY & 88 R & F rejoined the Battn from X Beach, the bulk of these had apparently been sent out to reinforce the Battn during the previous afternoons fighting but had failed to find it & had become attached to the DRAKE Bn R.N.D.
Nothing occurred in our position of the line during the night but there was heavy firing at dusk on the E side of the nullah which soon became general along the rest of the line except our position. This died down about 10pm & the rest of the night was comparatively quiet.

GALLIPOLI - 30th April
9.00am:
The Battn was relieved by the KOSB's under command of MAJOR A.J. WELCH & went into Bde Reserve at the new Y Beach sq 168 C5.

6.00pm:
Battn had settled down very comfortably all fatigues had been finished & the men having had a bathe & a good meal were ordered to get all the rest they could.

9.00pm:
A telephone message from the Bde ordering the Battn to stand by ready to move up the nullah in support of the R Innis Fus was received.

9.30pm:
The Battn was ordered to move up the nullah to the firing line where fresh instructions were received. The [?] & Regtl Scouts hurried on in advance to get there orders & on arrival at the hqs of the R Innis Fus was informed that the Battn was not required.
A heavy Turkish attack which had started shortly after dusk was in progress all this time. A message was accordingly sent to the Battn to return to bivouac. On reaching bivouac the Battn was [?] by CAPT PETRE Staff Captain 87th Bde who conducted it to a position in rear of Bde Hqs some 600x S.W. of SNIPERS HUT.

11.00pm:
Here the Battn was formed up in [?] column & lay down awaiting further orders. The Turkish attack appeared to have increased in intensity by this time & seemed to be [?] with particular violence against the portion of this line between the big gully and the SNIPERS HUT.

11.30pm:
B Coy under CAPT R.H.H. MOORE was ordered up to reinforce the firing line. The enemy now opened well [?] [?] artillery fire & we were very lucky in escaping casualties as shells were bursting in front, in rear & on both flanks but non actually got home.
Unaimed rifle fire was also very intense & some few casualties occurred from it.
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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Re: Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Sun Feb 10, 2013 12:28 pm

PART FOUR a - COPY A

1ST BATTALION BORDER REGIMENT, 8TH - 25TH APRIL 1915

MEX Camp - 8th April
10.30am:
Battn marched to ALEXANDRIA & embarked as follows:-
S.S. ANDANIA 26 officers (including 1 M.D.) 927 other ranks (including interpreter JOHN COHEN)
S.S. DUKE OF EDINBURGH one officer, 38 other ranks, 52 horses & mules.
S.S. MERCIAN 8 other ranks, 16 horses.

Distribution of Battn on this date as follows:-
Embarked with the 87th Inf. Bde of the 29th Division: - 27 officers, 9473 other ranks.
At ALEXANDRIA, base 3rd Echelon 29th Division: Orderly Room Sergt ROBINS.
At ALEXANDRIA in hospital 4 other ranks.
At MALTA in hospital 9 other ranks.
Deserted from AVONMOUTH 4 other ranks.
Handed over to O.C. Divl train at ALEXANDRIA 12 A.S.C. Drivers.

ALEXANDRIA - 10th April
6.00pm:
Sailed.

LEMNOS - 12th April
5.30am:
Anchored in MUDROS BAY.

LEMNOS - 24th April
4.00pm:
Sailed for DARDANELLES.
The general plan of campaign as detailed in Divisional orders consist of effecting landings at various beaches situated in in the S & S.W. coaast of the peninsular followed by advances of troops [?]essive positions until the attainment of the final objective.
The Battan together with the 1st R.I.F. is detailed to land at Beach X forming the main body, the 86th Brigade providing the covering party.

GALLIPOLI - 25th April
5.00am:
Arrived at position about 3 miles S.W. of CAPE HELLES.
At daylight bombardment of S end of peninsular by the Navy commenced & after a thorough bombardment the various covering parties were sent ashore in tows.
The actual landing at Beach X was apparently effected by the 86th Brigade without opposition though fighting was seen to be in progress as soon as troops debouched into the open from the top of the cliff overlooking the beach.

7.15am:
Disembarkation into fleet [?] sweeper no 6 from S.S. ANDANIA commenced.

10.30am:
The whole of the Battn with the exception of one officer & 38 men on the CITY OF EDINBURGH, 8 men on the MERCIAN & 4 storemen of the ANDANIA were [?] disembarked at Beach X. Immediately on disembarkation the Battn formed up below the crest of the cliff awaiting orders.

12 noon:
B Coy & 2 Maxin guns were ordered forward to support attack by Royal Fusiliers on hill 114.

12.30pm:
About this time heavy firing occurred to the N & E & it soon became apparent that the Royal Fusiliers were being severely handled by superior numbers. The firing increased in intensity and unaimed rifle fire began to sweep over the top of the cliff. It was soon apparent that the Royal Fusiliers were being driven back on the beach & were suffering heavy casualties from the enemy who were in close contact with them.
As the retirement of the Royal Fusiliers masked all fire from the cliff....[this continues in Part 4b in COPY B].
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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Re: Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Sun Feb 10, 2013 12:42 pm

PART FOUR b - COPY B

1ST BATTALION BORDER REGIMENT, 25TH & 26TH APRIL 1915

GALLIPOLI - 25th April
.....D & C Coys were ordered to charge forward on the enemy who were now only some 400x from the cliff edge. This task was most gallantly performed in the face of a very heavy fire. C & D Companies continued their advance in an Easterly direction from X Beach for some 600 yards to 1000 yards, the enemy retreating in front of them, & succeeded in extra [?] several parties of Royal Fusiliers most of them wounded. Soon after C & D Coys had been launched to the attack further parties of the Royal Fusiliers were noticed retiring on X Beach from the ridge to the N.E. A Coy was accordingly ordered froward to restore the position in this quarter. A well organised & steady advance accomplished this without casualties & on reaching a point some 1000 yards N.E. of X Beach an order was sent to A Coy to dig in on the position gained. The same order was sent to C & D Coys & the battalion roughly held the following position.

3.00pm:
B Company amongst the Royal Fusiliers held a line partially dug in roughly parallel to the cliff edge from about 900x S.W. of X Beach & varying from 100x to 500x from the cliff edge. After a gap of some 200x the line was continued by two platoon sof D Coy under Capt Le Mesurier. Between these 2 platoons & D Coy was another gap of nearly 400x. The remainder of D Coy & one platoon of C Coy continued the line from here for another 300x in a Northerly direction when it bent back at right angles to the W. the portion from the bend to the coast being held by 3 platoons of C Coy, the whole A Coy & 2 machine guns. Just before dusk the line was reorganised & to do away with the dangerous gaps in the centre the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers took over from the two cliff platoons of D Coy up to the right of B Coy, where the Royal Fusiliers continued to the line to the coast. B Coy when relieved moved up two platoons to reinforce A Coy keeping 2 platoons in close support on the left & the two platoons of D Coy under Capt Le MESURIER was moved up to strengthen the right of the line held by the battalion.

At 12 noon B Coy were ordered to support Royal Fusiliers (superceeding page). Lt Heyden with 1 machine gun supported left of B Coy, but machine gun was almost immediately put out of action by a a bullet. The Royal Fusiliers were occupying a [?][?] area of ground & were exposed to a heavy cross fire. B Coy was occupying a line in support parallel to the cliffs S.W. of X Beach. About 2.00pm the Royal Fusiliers retired through "B" Coy towards the cliffs, but many of the men took up the line between the platoons. On the right of B Coy & slightly more forward the Royal Fusiliers continued the line to the sea. B Coy was subjected to a very heavy fire & suffered severely.

The casualties of the battalion were 2 officers, 25 men killed & 3 officers & 78 men wounded. Major Vaughan & Lt James were killed & Capts Nelson, Harrison & Lt Bartholomew wounded during the day. Lt Bartholomew died of his wounds at 4 am next morning.

11.55pm - 5.10am:
A heavy night attack was developed against our lines & was maintained till daylight. By means of heavy rifle & machine gun fire, the attack however was kept at bay 7 our casualties were small. considerable loss was inflicted on the enemy who drew off before dawn.

[This brings us back to the 26th at beginning of PART 2 of COPY A, "During this day no important fighting took place" etc. or you can continue below with PART 5 of COPY B, however, this has a couple of sentences missing just prior to "Battn though small parties of snipers" etc.]
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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Re: Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Sun Feb 10, 2013 12:49 pm

PART Five - COPY B

1ST BATTALION BORDER REGIMENT, 26TH & 30TH APRIL 1915

GALLIPOLI - 26th April
Battn though small parties of snipers attempted to draw fire by shooting at the trenches from 300x to 400x, but in this they were unsuccessful, strict order having been issued, that fire would only be opened by order of an officer. 2nd Lt W.G. BARTHOLOMEW was buried during the afternoon.

GALLIPOLI - 27th April
The Battn continued to hold the same line & the day passed much as the previous one had done, no fighting but continual sniping. Soon after midday it was seen that our infantry was on the point of capturing Hill 138 & the OLD CASTLE & shortly afterwards this was accomplished. A Field Battery opened on the enemy as they retired in the direction of ACHI BABA.
All sniping at once ceased & all pressure on the line by the enemy was at once relaxed.
Parties were sent out to reconnoitre the places from which most of the sniping had come & it was found on investigation that the enemy had suffered severely. From 30 to 40 dead being counted in the valley, previously referred to, & in the SNIPERS HUT N of it.

5.00pm:
Verbal orders were received from the Brigade to pivot round the portion of the line that bent South from A Coys right & establish one running almost due E from A Coys right through the SNIPERS HUT, where the 1st R Inniskilling Fusiliers would continue it up to the main road, the 88th Brigade & the French prolonging the line from the road to ESKI HISSARLIK on the opposite coast. This order necessitated the digging of fresh trenches by C & D Coys, & the men being thoroughly tired out with hard work & hard fighting the process was naturally slow but was however safely accomplished by midnight.
The enemy were quiescent during the night.

GALLIPOLI - 28th April
2.00am:
The following orders were received from Bde HQ:-
The Brigade will advance at 8am.
The objective of the Bde is a line running from sq 176F through point 472 to 184 R8.
The R.I.F. will take up to 472 inclusive & the BORDER Regt 472 (exclusive) to 184 R8.

8.00am:
The advance started, A & B Coys finding firing line & supports C & D Coys & machine gun section in reserve. Previous to advance a fairly accurate shell fire opened on our trenches & immediately on the troops quitting their trenches this increased in intensity.
The formation adopted was lines of platoons in file at 100x intervals & 300x distance between firing line & supports & supports & reserve.
The nullah 500xN of our trenches was crossed without opposition from the enemyies infantry & the forward movement up the spur running NNE from 175 Y continued.
Meanwhile the 1st R.I.F. who were advancing up the spur on the SE side of the nullah had come under heavy rifle & Machine gun fire & it was evident that if we were to assist their advance, we must get forward at least another mile.

11.00am:
The advance was accordingly continued & by 11am two platoons of B Coy and two platoons of A Coy were established in the old K.O.S.B. trenches in sq 176 L. Here they came under a galling fire from the bluff to the N. & from forward slopes of ridge N.W. of KRITHIA village. Owing to the conformation of the ground it was impossible to reply to this fire. Accordingly the two platoons of B Coy under Capt Moore worked round the edge of the cliff & advanced some 300x & formed a firing line across the ridge overlooking the opposite valley. The two platoons of A Coy under command of Capt Head conformed to this movement moving by the edge of the nullah.
About this time lines of the enemy were observed returning over the ridge N.W. of KRITHIA & all available rifles were brought to bear on them at 1000x range. Almost simultaneously a terrific rifle & Machine gun fire was opened on our firing line by the enemy from well concealed trenches on the opposite side of the valley, which crossed our front at a range of about 600x. Casualties occurred at once & soon became alarmingly high.

Urgent messages were sent for reinforcements but meanwhile the supports of A & B Coys & the two reserve Coys had been held up by heavy shell fire & also by Machine gun & rifle fire from the high ground above KRITHIA. After considerable delay supports began to arrive but these suffered heavily in getting into the firing line as both the edge of the cliff & the side of the nullah were taken in enfilade from the enemies position.

1.00pm:
The bulk of the Reserve had now worked up a small nullah some 200x S of the first line of KOSB trenches & the sides of the cliff & nullah being now impracticable as a line of advance owing to the intensity of the fire, these were collected just below the crest line & led forward in one rush into the firing line. The call was splendidly responded to & although the men were much exhausted from climbing the precipitous nullah with heavy parcels on, they went forward with tremendous dash.

1.20pm:
The enemy who were obviously in vastly superior numbers now started to advance to closer range under a very heavy & accurate covering fire. About this time casualties amongst the officers began to occur & Major Brooke, Capt Head, Capt Muriel & Lt Taylor were all killed within a few hundred yards of one another & Lts. Dinwiddie, Clague & May wounded.

2.00pm:
Capts Morton & Moore had up to this time by their splendid example of coolness and courage kept the firing line steady but now the cry of “Retire” was raised on the right & a somewhat precipitate retirement set in. Most of the wounded men & some of the unwounded made a dash over the cliff side for the beach & it was with the greatest difficulty & chiefly owing to the gallant exertions of Col HUME, CAPT MORTON & other officers that the battalion was again rallied on the top of the cliff & a fresh defensive line some 200x South of the K.O.S.B. trenches taken up.
Much needed support in the shape of a Bttn of the Royal Naval Division arrived about this time & helped materially to restore the situation & a bit later a Coy of the South Wales Borderers from the E side of the nullah also came to our assistance. Col HUME whilst conferring with the O.C. R.N.D. & other officers as to the situation had the misfortune to be shot & had to be carried out of action leaving Capt. G.A. MORTON in command. Col. Hume died 1 May 1915.

4.00pm - 12 midnight:
An officer who had been sent to Bde. Headquarters brought back instructions to the wing to retire some 300 yards to straighten up the line held by the Brigade. Capt MORTON judged it inadvisable to retire just then but retired after dark to a line selected by a representative of the Brigade. The violence of the enemies attack now relaxed considerably & the [?] was carried out quietly & the line was entrenched & strengthened extending from the cliff edge to the nullah, one Coy R.N.D. holding the front line & the Battn holding two successive lines in close support with one Coy R.I.F. who were sent over to be in reserve.

GALLIPOLI - 29th April
12 midnight - 6.00am:
Nothing occurred in the night, the enemy remaining quiescent as a result of the severe handling they had received the previous day. The Casualties on the 28th were 4 officers & 26 men killed & 5 officers & 131 men wounded.

6.00am - 12 noon:
The defences were reorganized as follows, the R.N.D. pushed forward two platoons to the old K.O.S.B. trenches to form a covering party & deal with snipers. A & B Coys The Border Regt took over the front fire trench with 3 Machine guns & R.N.D. & one maxim (on the right flank to cover the nullah & fire obliquely across the trenches occupied by the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers on our right) took over the support trench. C & D Coys were in reserve, the Coy R.I.F. having been withdrawn at 1.30am.

8.00am:
Brigadier General W.R. Marshall came & inspected the line.

8.30am:
A burial party which had been out in advance burying the dead was driven in behind the covering party but the attack was not persisted in. During the morning the line was subjected to occasional shelling but no damage was done.

2.30pm:
The R.N.D. coy was withdrawn into reserve Beach W & the Battalion held the position alone. Beyond occasional bursts of shelling nothing occurred till nightfall when the observation parties were withdrawn.

6.00pm:
2nd Lt Cay & 88 men rejoined the Battalion from X Beach, the bulk of these had apparently been sent out to reinforce the Battalion during the previous afternoons fighting but had failed to find it & had become attached to the DRAKE Battn R.N.D.

Night 29th/30th:
Nothing occurred in our position of the line but there was heavy firing at dusk on the E side of the nullah, which presently became general along the whole line.
This died down about 10pm & the rest of the night was spent in comparative quiet.
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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Re: Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Sun Feb 10, 2013 1:04 pm

Handwritten Operation Order

The following order was included in Part 3 of the COPY A section of the diary. The order came from Lt. Col. R.O.C. Hume but was written by Captain A.J. Ellis on graph paper instructing the 1st Battalion regarding their objectives. It is included here in a table to make clearer where all the writing is located on the page.

Operation Order No: 201 by Lt Col ROC HUME Comdg 1/Border Regt

Ref 40000 Gallipoli No I
Place: Battn Hqs, X Beach
Date: 28/4/15

Objectives of Bde:
I The objective of the Bde is a line running from 176 F through 472 to 184 R8. The RIF will take up to 472 (inclusive) & the 1/Border Regt from 472 (exclusive) to 184 R8.
Battn of Direction:
II The Battn of direction is the Rl Innis Fus.

Distribution of Coys:
III B & A Coy will find firing line & supports C & D Coys & MG see Reserve.

Line of advance:
IV Line of advance will be up the spur from 175 Y to 184 XY (first objective) where the Battn will [?] itself before proceeding to its final objective.

Signalling Communication:
V Signalling Communication will be maintained with Bde hqs & also with RIF, two signallers will be detailed to the Bde signal section.

Packs:
VI Packs will be worn, OC Coys will use their discretion as to discarding them if the situation demands it.

Reports:
VII All reports will be sent to the Reserve.

Regtl Aid Post:
VIII A Regtl aid post will be established in the valley running E of spur up which the Battn advances. All wounded will be taken into this valley & collected by S.B.[stretcher bearer] parties under instruction of M.D.

[signed] A.J. Ellis Captain 1/Border Regt

[?] at 7.45am by messengers
Copy no 2 to A Coy
Copy no 3 to B Coy
Copy no 4 to C Coy
Copy no 5 to D Coy
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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Re: Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Mon Mar 04, 2013 12:06 am

1ST BATTALION BORDER REGIMENT, MAY 1915

not listed but at Cape Helles, Gallipoli - 30th April
9.00am:
The Battalion was relieved by the K.O.S.B.s under Major A.J. WELCH & went in to Brigade reserve at Gully Beach sq. 168. c5.

4.00pm:
The Battn were settled down very comfortably all fatigues finished & the men having had a good meal were to get all the rest they could.

night 30th April to 1st May
Telephone message received calling the battalion up the gully. Were not wanted & returned to camp. One company, 'A' Coy detailed to go to Brigade Headq for the remainder of the night & were used for carrying ammunition up to the R.I. Fusiliers. Fairly quiet day spent in inspections [illegible].

night 1st to 2nd May
9.00pm:
A telephone message from the Bde ordering the Battn to stand by ready to move up the nullah in support of the left centre was received.

9.30pm:
The Battn was ordered to move up the nullah to the firing line, where fresh instructions were to be received. The Adjt Capt Ellis & Regt Scouts hurried on in advance to get these orders & on arrival at the headquarters of R.I.F. was informed that the Battn was not required.

A message was accordingly sent to the Battn to return to bivouac. On reaching the bivouac the Battn was met by Capt PETRE Staff capt. 87th Bde who conducted it to a position in rear of Bde. Hdqrs some 600 yards S.W. of SNIPERS HUT. Here the Battn formed up in close columns & lay down awaiting further orders.
A heavy attack appeared to have been going on since dusk on the whole of the line and seemed to be pressed with particular violence against the portion of the line between the nullah and SNIPERS HUT.

11.30pm:
B Coy under Capt R.H.H. Moore was ordered up to reinforce the firing line, & were directed by Capt. PETRE towards Lancashire Fusiliers, each man being ordered to carry up extra ammunition from the Brigade reserve. The front line was reached in the trenches held by the DUBLIN FUSILIERS, to whom [illegible] ammunition was handed over. The company moved up behind their lines past the ROYAL MUNSTER FUSILIERS to whom more ammunition was handed over & then reached the lines of the LANCASHIRES to whom the balance of the spare ammunition was handed over. The men were not required so the men remained in a shallow communication trench till morning in the hopes of opening up communications with the remainder of the battalion in the morning. The platoon under Segt [illegible] took charge of 130 prisoners captured by the Lancashire Fusiliers & marched them to headquarters of the Division in the early morning.

Meanwhile the remaining companies under Capt MORTON remained near SNIPERS HUT. The enemies artillery opened well directed [? - reaching] artillery fire & were very lucky in escaping casualties as shells were bursting in front, rear and either side but none actually got home.

2nd May
2.30am:
The Battn received verbal orders to advance via SNIPERS HUT direction Achi Baba peak & reinforce the first portion of the firing line it encountered.

3.30am:
This was accomplished & the support trenches of the ROYAL FUSILIERS occupied the fire trenches being already fully manned. From now till dawn the fire, both artillery & infantry on both sides, was terrific & it was evident that the enemy was bent on making a desperate effort to break the line.

4.45pm:
A verbal order was received for the BORDER Regt to evacuate the trenches & form up ready for a counter attack at daylight, which was to be pushed in between the 87th & 88th Bdes. ie, between the left of the ROYAL FUSILIERS & the right of the S.W. BORDERERS.

The Battn was got into position some 200 yards in rear of the most advanced fire trench, & led by Capt. MORTON dashed forward under heavy fire to the trench itself.
Here great difficulty was experienced partly on account of the fire trench being overcrowded already but more especially from inability to stop the men in the fire trench from firing, so as to get us forward with the bayonet.

5.10am:
Capt. MORTON realising that the position was not being improved by delay seized the opportunity of a slight hill in the firing to lead a charge on the enemies trench. The charge was within an ace of being successful but was pulled up within 5 yards of the enemies trench when Capt. MORTON & Lt PERRY were both killed & Capt. & Adjt ELLIS, who was coming up with a few more men from the fire trench was wounded. A bare half dozen remained unwounded in a shallow trench within 10 yards of the enemies rifles & these after holding their ground for over 1/2 an hour, managed to crawl back a man at a time to the fire trench.

7.30am:
Capt Moore heard of death of Capt MORTON & of capt ELLIS wound[ed] & of the position of the battalion & came down the line & attempted to collect the battalion, who were much scattered amongst the other regts in the fire trenches. A portion of the trenches between the ROYAL FUSILIERS & S.W.Bs.[3] were occupied until about 4pm when orders were received to return to GULLY Beach.

4pm:
Again ordered up Gully in support but were stopped by the Staff Captain before we had gone very far. One company was detailed to support the KOSBs in our old trenches on the left or N.E. side of GULLY. B Company under 2nd Lt WRIGHT were detailed for this duty. They did not return till about 11am next morning. They were not needed as serious attack was made on the trenches.

3rd May
Fairly quiet day. Bathing parades inspections etc. Again up GULLY at night but returned fairly soon.

4th May
Fairly quiet all day. Ordered to relive South Wales Borderers at night in their trenches which were on the right S.W. flank of the R. Inniskilling F. Paraded at 7.15pm & carried out relief 3/4 hour later. Enemy opened fire during relief but there no casualties. A certain amount of confusion occurred, somewhat naturally as it was the first time trench relief under these conditions had been carried out 7 the trenches were not very good ones. Neither continuous nor deep enough. Only one casualty occurred. Quiet night after the relief except for sniping. One coy S.W.Bs. in support.

5.5.15
Fairly quiet day. occasional shelling & sniping. Worked on trenches. Heavily shelled at night but not much in the way of infantry against us. One company S.W.Bs. left in support.

6.5.15
10.50am:
General advance by the 88th Bde through our lines. We remained in our trenches. New line some 500x or 600x in front of us. The regt. immediately in front was the 5th Royal Scots. They had to retire some 200 yards & finally occupied a line about 400 yards in front of us.

7.5.15
Fairly quiet day except that we were fairly heavily shelled at times. At about 4.45pm O.C. was sent for by O.C. 88th Brigade to whom we had been attached, who was at a position about 800 yards to South of our lines behind the right of those held by DUBSTER Battn.[This was a composite battalion made up from the Dublin Fusiliers and the Royal Munster Fusiliers.]

Orders were received to advance at 5.30pm for the advance to a line some 600 yards in advance of the line then held by the Royal Scots. O.C. returned to Battn lines about 5.20pm when orders were hurredly issued to make good this line of a nullah some 200 yards in front of Royal Scots trenches as a preliminary line to the final position. 'D' Coy at 5.30pm moved out in first line followed by B, C + A Coys. The Essex Regt were ordered to advance on our left but owing to some delay in the receipt of the orders did not move till about 6.30pm. The DUBSTERS Battalion on our right moved about 6pm. The battalion advanced with much dash to the nullah, where they remained until it was possible to open up communications with the units on our flanks. On the arrival of the ESSEX Regt, the left was advanced to join them at WHITE HUT. Soon after the DUBSTERS moving upon our right [?] the line to be straightened out. The Battn had advanced under a heavy shrapnel, machine gun & rifle fire, but the extensions were well kept & the movement was very rapid. This together with the covering fire of our machine guns accounted for the facts that losses amount to 60 all told. No other covering fire could be arranged for owing to the shortness of time available between the receipt of orders and the advance. As soon as the battalion was in line companies dug in. By 2am a good line of trenches had been constructed.

Our portion of the line was as strong one on the reverse slope of a hill fairly well protected from artillery fire, with a field of fire from 100x to 200x. Some Royal Scots wounded were brought into their lines by our patrols that night. A good many Turkish dead were found in the small wood about 100x to 200x to the front by our patrols who went out at dawn but owing to heavy sniping it was impossible to take any count of them.

8.5.15
10.30am to 5.30pm:
Remained all day in trenches. New Zealanders advanced through us at about 10.30 am and took up line close in front of us.
At 5.30pm New Zealanders received orders to advance again on Krithia. 88th Brigade sent orders to cover their right flank by the fire of machine guns of BORDER Regt & by one company if necessary. 1/2 of A Coy advanced to crest of Hill some 200 yards to front. Lt Proctor in command & C.S.M. Botham with him. Fire was very severe & in a few minutes Lt. Proctor & C.S.M. Botham rejoined men Knocked out. Company withdraw slightly & remained out about 1/2 and hour when it withdrew to our line.
The New Zealanders advance was magnificent, made with great dash.

6.15pm:
About this timeorders from 87th Bde were received ordering us into Divisional reserve. Owing to a breakdown of telephone this message was not received in time to enable us to move at 5.30pm. O.C. decided to move after dark, as a retrograde movement at that time did not seem sound. An officer who was sent Bde Hdqrs. to ask for confirmation of this order.

8.00pm:
Returned with this confirmation, and the move accordingly took place at about 8pm to rear sq 175.u.9. Bde Hdqrs were situated. Quiet night on the whole.

9.5
10.30pm:
Capt Le Mesurier rejoined & took command of the battalion. Quiet day except for occasional shelling. Returned to divisional reserve trenches near X Beach, arriving about 10.30pm. Quiet night.

10.5
Quiet day. Occasional shells. Quiet night.

11.5
Quiet day. Occasional shells. Coys paraded & inspected etc.

12.5
Quiet day. Fatigue parties of 100 men at Lancashire Landing S end of peninsula for landing stores, road makiing etc.

13.5
Same as 12.5. General Hunter-Weston commanding 29th Division inspected Battn in lines & made avery complimentary speech to men as to their conduct during past fortnight.

14.5 to 16.5
4am to 10.30am
Fatigues as above for 12.5 but 130 men in [?] relief. Quiets days & nights on the whole as far as we were concerned. On 14.5.15 Lt W.D. Lay of the battn attached to Cycle Coy was wounded. On 16.5.15 Lt wallace & draft of 40 men joined.

17.5
As above but fatigues a5 5.30 & 9am.

18.5
As above but fatigues a5 5.30 & 9am.

19.5
Usual fatigues. Capt G.H. Harrison rejoined & took over command of battalion from Capt Le Mesurier. Capt J.P.G. Mostyn Norfolk Regt attached to Egyptian Army reported his arrival & was attached to the regiment & took over command of A Company.

20.5
Usual fatigue parties. At night orders received to hold oneself in readiness to move, but were not required.

21.5
Usual fatigue parties. Capt Nelson rejoined & took over command of battalion from capt G.H. Harrison. Capt Le Mesurier took over command of D Coy.

22.5
Usual fatigue parties.

23.5
Usual fatigue parties. Church parade service 6.30pm.

24.5
Usual fatigue parties. Notification received from Brigade that Capt MOTT & Lce Cpl MORRISSEY had been awarded Distinguished Conduct Medal.

25.5
1/2 battalion reported to Brigade Headqaurters 88th Bde in front trenches for improvement of communications 1/2 battalion at 12 noon.

26.5
Fatigues under R.E. as usual. Draft of 10 officers (Lt N. CASTLE, 2nd Lt H.R. WRIGHT, 2nd Lt T.L. WILSON, Lt R.F. MILLARD, 2nd Lt P. NEW, 2nd Lt J.L.E.R. LAKE, Lt W. de ROBINSON, Lt F.B. GOODALL, Lt P de SOISSONS, 2nd Lt B. BRADSHAW) & 70 rank & file joined the battalion from England.

27.5
Two officers + 96 other ranks 9th MANCHESTER Regt attached to Battn for instruction.

28.5
3 officers + 123 other ranks of 5th East Lancashire Territorial Battalion attached to the battalion for instruction. Fatigues as usual.

29.5
2 officers + 96 other ranks 9th MANCHESTER Regt returned to their battalion.

30.5
Fatigues as usual.

31.5
[? - Interior] economy etc.
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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Re: Transcript: 1st Border Regiment War Diary 1915

Postby kerchi » Mon Mar 04, 2013 12:32 am

This month’s diary came in four different parts, these being:
Part One (1st-19th June 1915);
Part Two (19th-29th June 1915, with an additional section of 1st to 4th June);
Part Three (4th-10th June 1915);
Part Four (10th June 1915).
It is clear that they do not follow on in a standard linear pattern. Also, parts 3 and 4 have been written in a different hand to the previous parts. Rather than combine the parts to form one linear month, which might not always follow exactly or make much sense, the four parts have been transcribed in the same way it was initially filed to maintain its originality. These can be seen exactly (as listed above) in the following sections below.

1ST BATTALION BORDER REGIMENT, JUNE 1915

Part One

(1st-19th June 1915)


GALLIPOLI
June 1st:
Usual fatigues. Capt. MILLARD Northamptonshire Regt arrived, attached for duty & posted to D Coy. Information received from Brigade that an attack might be expected but the enemy remained quiescent.

2nd
Usual fatigues.

3rd
Usual fatigues. The Division made an attack but the Regt. remained in reserve & was not called.

4th
Moved from Divisional reserve trenches near SNIPERS HUT to trenches near WHITE HOUSE.

5th
Received orders to return to reserve trenches but these were counter-ordered & about 10pm we relieved the R. DUBLIN FUS. in fire trenches on the S.E. side of gully. One coy R.D.F. remained in support till the following morning. Northing occurred during the night.

6th
5.45am:
O.C. ROYAL SCOTS asked for reinforcements of 1½ Coys, no reason being given. ½ Coy was sent under Lt. CASTLE & O.C. ROYAL SCOTS sent him on to reinforce K.O.S.B.

11.00am:
C Coy under Lt. KENNEDY went to reinforce HAMPSHIRE REGT & were not sent back until 11.15pm. This coy lost its way back & did not rejoin the Bttn till 3am on the 7th [illegible].

5.00pm:
ROYAL SCOTS & BORDERS moved about 100x to the right & one coy S.W.B. came in on the left. Lt. WILSON was wounded whilst in the trenches.

June 7th
The Regt. moved further to the right & took over fire trenches from the WORCESTERS including one known as H11 least of which was still occupied by the enemy.
Information received from the Divn. that an attack might be expected during the night, mounted troops & vehicles, probably guns, having been seen moving N.W. on Achi Baba.
Lt. A. WRIGHT was wounded in the head whilst in the trenches.

8th
150 men B & D Coys sent back to support trenches. Fire trenches were too crowded. Lt. W. de ROBINSON was wounded in the arm whilst in the trenches.

9th
Enemy began to show activity in the sap from the communication trench leading in to the centre of the trench held by the Regt.
Lt. J.L.E.R. LAKE wounded by shrapnel in the hand.
During the night the enemy threw a few bombs from their sap & C Coy replied with about the same number. They also showed some activity at the end of D Coy trench & a new advance was commenced by D Coy.

10th
Orders were received that the Regt. was to capture the enemy's sap & communication trench up to the ravine, the S.W.Bs. to attack a small trench near the communication trench simultaneously. 30 volunteers were obtained including bomb throwers & D Coy under CAPT. LE MESURIER was detailed to occupy the trench after the assaulting party had captured it.

The party under 2nd Lt. WALLACE crawled out under the parapet by two saps & rushed the enemy sap in spite of heavy fire, bayoneting or bombing all the enemy in the sap. They also captured about 200 yards of their communication trench in a very short time. D Coy occupied the trench and held it all night aided by a large supply of bombs. 2nd Lt. WALLACE carried out the attack with great coolness & courage & CAPT. LE MESURIER skillfully held the trench. CAPT. HARRISON was sent down to verify the clearing of the sap & was slightly wounded in the chest whilst doing so.

No. 10180 Lance Sergeant FRIEND, No. 9085 Sergt. A. ELWIN, No. 8157 DR. D. CRONE & No. 10463 Pte A. MANSELL all showed great gallantry in the attack.
A draft of four officers, CAPT. J.C. HODGSON, LT. E.C. LESTER, LT. F.A. RUPP & LT. J.H.[or I.H.] HODGSON & 228 other ranks joined from ENGLAND.

[this can be continued here in Part Four, an additional section for the 10th June 1915, which is a further detailed account of the attack made on this day]

11th
The following message was received from G.O.C. - “G.O.C. Divn congratulates all ranks in the excellent work performed by them last night & feels confident that they will hold the ground gained at all costs” At 1am & again at 3.30am the enemy bombed the end of the communication trench. At 4.15am they retired. Our casualties were slight.

About 4.30am the Turks made a counter-attack on the communication trench & CAPT. LE MESURIER was hit by a bomb. The men became a trifle demoralized & retreated about half way down the trench, the Turks occupying the portion vacated. CAPT. R.H.H. MOORE happened to be in the trench at the time & rushing forward called on the men & successfully recaptured the lost part of the trench. He was killed by a shot in the head in doing so. His immediate & gallant action undoubtedly saved an awkward situation.

Lt. BRADSHAW was wounded in the counter attack & died later. LT. DE SOISSONS was also wounded.

Total casualties, 2 officers killed & 3 wounded, 12 other ranks killed & 33 wounded.

The enemy fired about 12 heavy shells at the trenches during the day. A Coy under CAPT. MOSTYN relieved D Coy in the captured trench & the barraicade at the end was strengthened. Snipers successfully drove back bomb throwers who tried to come up & bomb the end of the trench.

12th
The Regt. was relieved by R. DUBLIN & LANCS FUS. & reached GULLY BEACH about 12 noon & bivouacked. Casualties during the week, 2 officers killed & 7 wounded. 21 other ranks killed, 64 wounded, missing 7, missing believed killed 2.

13th
Cleaning up generally & interior economy. Bivouac which is situated on the edge of the cliff required improving & this work was performed during the day.

14th
Fatigues.

15th
Fatigues. CAPT. MOSTYN proceeded on 3 days leave to LEMNOS & Lt. KENNEDY on 7 days leave to IMBROS.
A guard of one officer and 100 men for W Beach was supplied.

16th
Order received to go into the support trenches tomorrow morning at 5am.
CAPT. & ADJT A.J. ELLIS & CAPT. J. FORBES ROBERTSON rejoined from EGYPT, convalescent from wounds.

17th
5.00am:
Moved into empty support trenches between WHITE HOUSE line & fire trenches. A & B Coys in front trench, C & D in 2nd trench & Hqrs & MG in SW trench. Day was spent in deepening, improving & cleaning trenches.

June 18th
Work on improving fire trenches continued & widening & deepening of communication trenches continued. LT. GOODALL wounded in the arm & two men killed & two wounded by shrapnel whilst working in the trenches.

6.30pm:
Heavy shelling commenced, a lot of high explosive shells being used.

6.45pm:
Regt. headquarters blown up by HE shell which killed one Sergt. & 3 men & wounded 4 others including S.M. DENEREAZ. The C.O. & Adjt were out inspecting trenches at the time otherwise they would have been blown to pieces.

7.50pm:
Hqs moved further from the top of the gully to the communication trench.

8.00pm:
A Coy ordered to reinforce R.I.F. as a Turkish attack on H11 had commenced.

8.15pm:
C Coy went forward to replace A Coy in front trench & sent two platoons to reinforce A Coy.

19th
2.00am:
Two platoons B Coy sent to reinforce R.I.F.

5.00am:
Turks recommenced shelling but did not keep it up for long.

[This is the end of Part One]

Part Two

(19th-29th June 1915)


GALLIPOLI
19th
Heavy rifle fire went on through the greater portion of the night, the enemy making determined attempts to recapture one portion of TURKEY TRENCH & H11. The attack was repulsed by the R. Innis. Fus, over 300 Turks being accounted for.

1.30pm:
Enemy again opened heavy shell fire with high explosive & shrapnel & kept it up till about 3.30pm. During the bombardment LT. CASTLE was seriously wounded. Nothing occurred during the night.

20th
10.00am:
Relieved R.I.F. in firing line trenches, D & B Coys in firing line, A & C in support. Work was at once commenced improving parapets etc the latter having been rather badly damaged in places by previous bombardments.

The finished line held by the Battn forms a salient running NE towards KRITHIA village. An important sap is in course of construction from N face towards TURKEY trench. This sap as it is constructed is being turned into a fire trench so as to flatten out the salient.
Work on this sap goes on night & day without cessation. Beyond the usual sniping nothing occurred on our section during the day or night.

21st
5.00am:
The French started a heavy bombardment of the enemy's line & then infantry advanced at 8am apparently capturing two trenches & a redoubt on the left of their line. During the French advance the enemy shelled our trenches for about an hour without any effect. On our front except for the usual sniping things remained quiet.

22nd
Work on sap & improvement of trenches continued. No activity on the part if the enemy was noticed in our front either by day or night & our snipers held the upper hand so that work could in the trenches was able to make good progress. LT HODGSON was slightly wounded during the evening by a stray bullet from the French trenches.

23rd to 26th
Relieved by R. MUNSTER FUS & returned to GULLY BEACH. During this period no item of [unsure of words] occurred.
A draft in charge of CAPT TENNANT & LT ADAIR (BEDFORD REGT) attd 1/BORDER REGT. of 80 rank & file joined the Battn from England on the 25th.
Information received that LT WALLACE had been awarded the Military Cross for his fine work on the course of the 10th. Captain G.H. HARRISON rejoined convalescent from wounded on 26th.

27th
Orders received to take over firing line trenches from junction of TURKEY TRENCH & firing line up to & including barricade across GULLY.

7.00pm:
Relief completed A & B Coys in firing line C & D in support. Brigade orders for the operations for the following day were received during the afternoon & final arrangements made with Coy commanders for carrying them out. The task allotted the Regt was the assault & capture of the BOOMERANG & the Turkish portion of TURKEY TRENCH, the former being allotted to B Coy under CAPT J. FORBES ROBERTSON & the latter to A Coy under CAPT MOSTYN (Norfolk Regt) attd 1/BORDER REGT.

28th
9.00am:
At this hour the bombardment of the enemy trenches began & continued with great accuracy & vigour till 11am. A French trench mortar which had been told off to deal with the BOOMERANG did especially good work.

10.45am:
The bombardment of the BOOMERANG & TURKEY trench stopped & the assaulting parties of A & B Companies dashed forward simultaneously. The first party reached the BOOMERANG with practically no loss, advancing [illegible] through the dust raised by the bombardment & set to work at once to clear out the enemy with bayonet & bombs.

The supports coming in later did not escape casualties, LT DYER & several men being killed & others wounded. There was no [? - checking] however & both assaulting party & support were soon busy with bayonet inside the work. Meanwhile A Coy were experiencing considerable difficulty with TURKEY TRENCH. It was found that about 40 yards of the trench rear of the enemy's barricade had been filled in & this left the assaulting party exposed to murderous fire from a previously unlocated trench running from TURKEY TRENCH to H12. All the assualting party were either killed or wounded in crossing the filled in portion & CAPT HODGSON who was leading the assault was bayonetted.

The support following close in rear fared little better suffering heavy from both rifle fire and shrapnel. A few however managed to get across & lined the parapet of the enemy's end of TURKEY trench & opened fire on the enemy's trench from which the losses were being inflicted.
During this time another party had been at work tearing down our own barricade, a difficult & dangerous task under heavy fire to which they were being subjected. Good progress was made however & reinforcements under Sergt WOOD were shortly able to push through.

This party quietly formed up in the BOOMERANG with B Coy, the remaining garrison thereupon surrendered, 64 Turks being taken prisoner. The whole operation was extremely well organized by the Company Commanders concerned & carried out with the greatest boldness & dash by their subordinates. The men went forward without the slightest sign of hestitation or wavering & no amount of casualties prevented the survivors from going forward or reinforcements taking their place.

11.00am:
Remainder of 87th Bde advanced & J9 10 & 11 fell in succession without much difficulty. At the same time the 156th Bde attacked H12 & captured it with the exception of a redoubt in the centre.

11.15am:
The 86th Bde advanced & passing through the 87th attacked & captured J12 & J13 with the excpetion of their exits to the gully where the enemy still managed to hold on.

1.50pm:
The Battn was ordered up the ravine to take over from the end of H12 across the gully & join up with the 86th Brigade on the left.
A party of LANCS FUS were formed in the gully entrenching a ridge connecting the E side of the gully with H12. As they were entirely separated from their unit the Battn took over from them & proceeded to dig in in the reverse slope of the ridge under a very hot fire. During the process of digging in CAPT HARRISON & LT RUPP were wounded & several other ranks killed & wounded.

A barricade was built across the ravine & a barbed wire entanglement erected some 30 yards the enemy's side of it with the help of a party of R.E. This had hardly been constructed when a large body of of the enemy rushed down the ravine shouting “LANCASHIRE FUSILIERS” & waving a white flag. A M.G. had been placed is position at the barricade & with this, rifle fire & bombs the rush was stopped with very heavy loss to the enemy, over forty corpses being counted in the morning. The situation on the flanks was by no means satisfactory. On the left heavy fire could be heard but we were not actually in touch with any formed unit of our own troops though a small party of ROYAL FUSILIERS under C.S.M. GILBERT who had become detached from their unit had been sent to prolong our left on the W side of the ravine. C.S.M. GILBERT reported a gap on some 300 yards between the left of his party & the next body of our own troops.

6.30pm:
The ROYAL DUBLIN FUSILIERS arrived & proceeded to further prolong our left but as it was nearly dark before they got out to the position they intended to entrench & they were subjected to a very heavy attack, their losses were considerable & they were forced back towards J11a.
The enemy subjected us to a heavy hot fire up till dark & soon after dark commenced a series of attacks which lasted till dawn.
On the right flank there was cause for anxiety too, as H12 was only very lightly held by the remnants of the 4th ROYAL SCOTS & they only had one officer left. Accordingly CAPT TENNANT was sent to assist them unitl the arrival of the HAMPSHIRE REGT which relieved them about 11pm, thus rendering our right flank secure.

29th
All attacks were successfully resisted & heavy losses inflicted on the enemy each time they tried to advance & daylight revealed some 100 corpses close up to the short bit of line held by the Battn on the E side of the ravine. Just before dawn an especially heavy attack was made & we were able to inflict very heavy losses on the survivors from this attack as they attempted to withdraw from the force close up in front of our trenches in full daylight. Very few indeed of the enemy managed to get away & their losses must have been very considerable. Our casualties during these operations were:-
Two officers killed: CAPT HODGSON & LT DYER
Seven officers wounded: CAPT HARRISON, CAPT MAY, LT & QM ENNIS, LT CAY, LT RUPP, LT ADAIR, 2ND LT MILLARD.
153 other ranks, killed wounded & missing.
The operations as far as the 29th Division was concerned were entirley successful & a Special Force Order was published by the C in C M.E.F. congratualting all ranks of the Division on the work performed.

12 noon:
The Battalion went into support being relieved by the SWB & occupied trenches J10 & J11. D Coy was called out in the evening to reinforce the R.I.F. in the firing line but were not actually required.

30th
Remained in occupation of J11 & J10. Work of converting J11 into a fire trench & J10 into a communication trench & improvemnt of communications generally were continued during the day. C Coy was called out during the evening to take over a portion of the firing line from left of gully to the right of the RIF & D Coy was again called out in support of the R.I.F. Further coys were actually engaged during the night.

[The following addition to this part includes information for the 1st to the 4th June. The year listed is 1914, obviously a mistake, and the person writing this (as it is different to the other handwriting) has forgotten which year they are in at the time. This has been changed to 1915.]

GALLIPOLI
1.6.15
The Battn remains in Divisional reserve 300x East of SNIPERS HUT. Usual fatigue parties. Capt H. Millard 8th Northamptonshire Regt. joined & attached to battalion. Also Lt. Dyer 9th Battn Kings Shropshire Light Infantry.

2.6.15
Usual fatigue parties.

3.6.15

Usual fatigue parties.

4.6.15
An advance ordered along the whole line. The battalion formed part of the Corps Reserve, following Dublin Fusiliers as the right rear regiment of the reserve. Our advance was originally directed with the right of the battalion moving on the left of KRITHIA village.
Scheme bomabarded 11.15
False attack 11.30
Heavy bombardment 11.45
1st Advance 12-
2nd Advance
The scheme was first line was to rush first main line of the Turkish trenches & make them good. 2nd line to make good, 2nd main line & so on. The Battn moved about 2.30pm & moved to White House in the gully. The advance on the left of the line of the army against trench marked J.10 on attached sketch was not successful. The advance against trenches at H.11, H.12, H.14 in succession successful, the trenches being quikcly rushed. The centre also advanced very….

[There is no more information in this part.]

Part Three

(4th-10th June 1915)


GALLIPOLI
4.6
5.00pm:
[The following is a more detailed account of what took place on the same days noted in Part One. There are quite a few words missing [?] or unrecognised in this part.]
The Battn was not called into the fighting line but remained in reserve. A & C Coys in the Gully, B & D coys & the machine guns under Lieut Cay with Headquarters on the south side in the old Inniskilling Fusiliers trenches. 2Lieut Wight was wounded by a stray bullet. The Battn remained in this position during the night.

5.6
The Battn remained in this position but at about 3pm orders came for them to to return to their old bivouack near Pink House. These orders were almost immediately cancelled and fresh ones received for the Battn to move & occupy the fire trenches occupied by the 1st R. Dublin Fusiliers. The relief did not commence before dusk and was carried out under great difficulties in the darkness. The traffic and congestion in the trenches made movement almost impossible and it was not till dawn that the relief was effected. 1 Company of the Dublin Fusiliers remained as a support till 10am.

6.6
In this new position the S.W.B. were on the left of the Battn and the 4/Worcesters and Royal Scots Territorials on the right. D & B Coys occupied the firing line with C & A Coys in support. Battn Headquarters were situated in the Gully below the fire trenches & were in telephone Cms[1] with all companies. The front line companies were employed in improving defenses Sapping and making a new communication trench between the Battn right and the Worcesters. A small section of trench was in error at this time occupied by the Royal Scots, this trench connected the right of the Battn with the left of the 4/Worcesters. As far as the Battn was concerned nothing of movement occurred in the immediate front during the day.

8.00am:
Heavy firing on the right apparently in front of the Royal Scots and the KOSBs caused an appeal for reinforcement from the O.C. Royal Scots. Captain Mostyn received and urgent message upon which he acted and he sent 2 platoons of A Company to reinforce the Royal Scots. It appears that the reinforcement was required by the KOSBs who had been attacked in trench marked H.12 on sketch map. These 2 platoons under 2/Lieut Castle were sent to join the 1/K.O.S.Bs. Little can be ascertained of their movements as they became scattered. Lieut Castle returned about 11am bringing most of his men with him, other rejoined during the day.

12 noon:
About 12 noon an urgent appeal for reinforcements was made by the Staff Capt. of the 88th Brigade. This officer was acting under orders of the 29th Divn and had been instructed to take a reinforcement from any point of the line from which they could be spared. He applied for a company from the Battn and upon his written orders “C” Company under Lieut. J.S. Kennedy was despatched under his guidance. A report that this company had been taken away was reported to [?] Brigadier-(Genl Marshall). C Company guided by the Staff Captain through the communication trenches was moved to the extreme right of the 88th Brigade which rested near the main Krithia gully at which point there was a danger of the right being turned by the enemy. The Coy reoccupied a trench together with a portion of the 6/Manchester Territorials and although not actually attacked, suffered several casualties. No communication was maintained with the company as no one knew where they had gone to.

6.00pm:
But about 6pm Pte Stainton came back and [?] to C Coy their [? - rations]. At 12 midnight Lieut Kennedy was ordered to rejoin the Battn but the coy got lost in the dark and did not finally rejoin till next morning about 5am.

7.6
The Battn combined the work of the previous day but at dusk B Company was ordered to extend more to the right and to occupy the small portion of trench between us and the Worcesters already referred to as being held by the 4 Royal Scots. No provision had been made to turn this trench into a fire trench which it undoubtedly was. The parapet was too thin to be bullet proof and the trench too narrow. Lieut Wright therefore moved a portion of his men into this trench and at once began improvements. But while engaged in this work was himself hit in the head about 11pm by a bullet that came through the parapet and the command devolved upon Lieut Dyer. No other incident of any movement occurred. Lieut Robinson was wounded sometime during the day.

8.6
This day owing to a desire to reconstruct the Brigades of the 29th Divn, the Battn was again ordered to move to its right and to take over the line of trenches occupied by the 4/Worcesters. Capt. Nelson proceeded to confer with Col. Caley Cmd 4/Worcesters about 1pm and the actual move took place at 5pm. It was found that 2 Coys B & D were sufficient to hold the trenches so C & A were still kept in the original support trenches of the previous night. [several words illegible] formed for them. Work on these new trenches was impossible owing to the constant traffic of all sorts of people backwards and forwards. These trenches being used as a communication way for 2 Brigades to the gully. The S.W.Bs. had now moved up from the gully & took over the trenches held by the Battn. The K.O.S.Bs. moved on the right of the Battn thus the line held by the 87th Bde was now on the left. S.W.Bs. then Border Regt then the K.O.S.Bs., the Inniskilling Fusiliers in reserve at White House in the gully. This new line of trenches held by the Battn was somewhat confused and in places it was impossible to fire without firing into those held by the S.W.Bs. The main trench H.11 an old Turkish trench was partially held by us and partially held by the Turks and a sandbag loopholed trench only separating the combatants. A trench mortar was handed over to the Battn for use at this point. The trenches were in a dirty condition and communication trenches were full of dead Turks only partially buried. The [?] believes the trenches was littered with dead and the stench was appalling. The Battn HeadQs were in a trench with the HQ K.O.S.Bs.

9.6
C & A Companies relieved B & D in the firing line. Men at work improving defences and the supporting Coys making communication trenches and burying Turkish dead. 2Lieut Lake was wounded in the firing line. Gen De Lisle visited the firing line. The Turks meanwhile had been sapping up from the gully towards the corner between our trenches and the S.W.B and from the trenches constant activity was evident. At nightfall from their sap heads the enemy threw bomb into our trench but in most cases the bombs fell beyond the trench and did no damage. Capt. May had now rejoined and commanded C Comapany. This Coy was constantly working at saps under our trench to counteract the Turkish sap. Otherwise the night passed without episode.

10.6
Work continued as usual. Quantities of equipment, ammunition etc being [?] from the old Turkish trenches en [? - way] of the firing line.

9.00am:
Renewed Turkish activity acquired our line an effort being made to clear away the sandbag traverse in trench H.11 which for a time was rather critical. Lieut Wallace & Capt Mostyn re-established the position in this quarter and a fresh traverse was constructed in case of need, the old one being mined ready for demolition if necessary. A night attack to the Turkish…

[This continues in the next part]

Part Four

(10th June 1915)


GALLIPOLI
10.6
[This is a direct continuation from the last section of Part Three and a further detailed account of the attack made on this day, seen in Part One.]

...trenches & saps in front of C Coy was decided upon. And the general plan was issued about 5pm. During the morning a draft of 229 officers and men from the 3rd Battn arrived & the following officers were posted to the Battn. Cpt John Charles HODGSON, LT. Isaac Harvey HODGSON ( brothers ), LT. E.C. LESTER, LT. F.A. RUPP. This draft was moved up at 7pm into the support trenches.

Plan for night attack. The Turkish sap had approached to within 30 yards of C Coy's trenches and the enemy had sand bagged a small redoubt from which to throw bombs into our trenches. A line of old trench ran from this point right into C Coys parapet, very similar to the situation at H11. The plan was for a storming party of 30 men ([?] 25 from C + 5 from A) under Lieut Wallace to crawl out of the saps already made by C Company preceded by bomb throwers and dash the Turkish sap ahead. And then to move on down the Turkish trench towards the gully. As soon as the storming party had successfully stormed the sap head D Company under Captain Le Mesurier was to move on in support and reoccupy the trench. This company was to debouch through cutting made in the parapet.

The attack was timed to commence at 10pm. The SWB were to cooperate by rushing a small Turkish redoubt in their front. At 10pm precisely the storming party under Lieut Wallace crawled under the parapet and made for the Turkish sap & a hand to hand fight with bayonets and bombs proceeded but the Turks gave way & retreated down the trench to lines by the storming party, the opposition being slight. D Coy now pushed on behind the storming party and the whole moved down the trench together. The men carrying sandbags and fork for improving the trench. Le Mesurier pushed on ahead and [illegible] with Wallace and together with the bomb throwers gradually pushed the Turks back. Capt. Ward of C Coy was killed by a bomb about 12 midnight but the attack was proceeding satisfactorily. Capt. Harrison was slightly wounded about 12 midnight.
In memory of John Bardgett (15309 L/Cpl.), 11th Border Regiment who died 1st July 1916.

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